Born in Poonyu County, Canton in 1837, Joe Kum Yung had arrived in New Zealand in around 1880, after spending about four years in Victoria, Australia. A mining accident left him with a broken leg, and he was him unable to continue to work. Whilst recovering in Grey Hospital, the local Chinese community there raised sufficient funds for him to return to China, however he decided to travel to Wellington instead where he was living on the streets. Outside 13 and 15 Haining Street, Lionel Terry shot him in the back of the head at 7:45 pm with a revolver, and Joe Kum Yung died around 10:00 pm that night in Wellington Hospital.
Much of the story of Joe Kum Yung's death focuses on Lionel Terry (Including NZQA using one of his poems in an NCEA assessment in 2020), but very little is known about Joe Kum Yung's life. Lionel Terry had strong Anti-Asian immigration views, despite only recently arriving in New Zealand. Varying accounts state he had arrived between two and four years earlier.
- Archives New Zealand. (2016). Murder of Joe Kum Yung by Lionel Terry [Photo]. Retrieved from https://www.flickr.com/photos/archivesnz/28911946613/
- 'Race killing in Wellington's Haining St', URL: https://nzhistory.govt.nz/race-killing-lionel-terry-murders-joe-kum-yung-in-haining-st-wellington, (Ministry for Culture and Heritage), updated 19-Jan-2017
- Murder aimed to spread ‘yellow peril’ message. (n.d.). Retrieved 10 July 2017, from http://www.stuff.co.nz/national/crime/64512110/murder-aimed-to-spread-yellow-peril-message
- Hamilton, S. (2019, March 20). The land of the long white stain. The Spinoff. https://thespinoff.co.nz/atea/20-03-2019/the-land-of-the-long-white-stain/
- True Crime New Zealand, Jessica Rust, & Sirius Rust. (2019). Case 9: Joe Kum Young (No. 9). Retrieved 4 September 2020, from https://truecrimenz.com/2019/08/18/case-9-joe-kum-young/
- Wong, H. (2019, March 27). Christchurch shootings: How we can all push back against racism. Stuff. https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/christchurch-shooting/111577516/christchurch-shootings-how-we-can-all-push-back-against-racism
- Alex Fensome. (2014, December 28). Murder aimed to spread ‘yellow peril’ message. Stuff. https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/crime/64512110/murder-aimed-to-spread-yellow-peril-message
- Wairarapa Daily Times. (1905, September 26). Wairarapa Daily Times, p. 6. http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/WDT19050926.2.30
- Clio Francis. (2011, May 23). A flame flickering to extinction. Retrieved 23 September 2018, from https://www.stuff.co.nz/dominion-post/capital-life/5034763/A-flame-flickering-to-extinction
- Sentenced to Death. The Haining-Street Tragedy. (1905, November 21). Evening Post, LXX(123), Page 5. https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/EP19051121.2.38
- @cadence_chung. (2020, December 11). Cadence Chung on Twitter. Twitter. https://twitter.com/cadence_chung/status/1333548275031392256
- Mandy Te. (2020, December 12). Students ask for apology after inclusion of poem by anti-Chinese extremist Lionel Terry in NCEA history exam | Stuff.co.nz. Stuff.Co.Nz. https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/education/123685344/students-ask-for-apology-after-inclusion-of-poem-by-antichinese-extremist-lionel-terry-in-ncea-history-exam
- Mandy Te. (2020, December 16). NZ Chinese Association to lodge complaint over poem by white supremacist in history exam. Stuff. https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/education/123717001/nz-chinese-association-to-lodge-complaint-over-poem-by-white-supremacist-in-history-exam
- Tse, C. (2020, December 15). Rhymes of the ancient murderer: How a racist killer became an NCEA question. The Spinoff. https://thespinoff.co.nz/society/15-12-2020/rhymes-of-the-ancient-murderer-how-a-racist-killer-became-a-ncea-question/
- Jack Yan. (2020, December 14). The 2020 Level 2 history exam is racist « Jack Yan: The Persuader Blog. The Persuader. http://jackyan.com/blog/2020/12/the-2020-history-exam-is-racist/
- WellUrban: R.I.P. Joe Kum Yung. (2005, September 25). Retrieved 9 January 2018, from http://wellurban.blogspot.co.nz/2005/09/rip-joe-kum-yung.html
- Radio New Zealand. (2015, January 30). How to be dead - Writer Chris Tse | Voices | RNZ. Retrieved 10 July 2017, from http://www.radionz.co.nz/national/programmes/voices/audio/20165499/how-to-be-dead-writer-chris-tse
- Charles Archibald Lawrence Treadwell. (2016). Famous New Zealand Trials — The Trial of Lionel Terry | NZETC. Retrieved 9 January 2018, from http://nzetc.victoria.ac.nz/tm/scholarly/tei-Gov08_04Rail-t1-body-d11.html
- Archives New Zealand. (2013, September 2). Lionel Terry kills Joe Kum Young, Haining Street, 1905 | New Zealand Times, September 26, 1905. Retrieved 9 January 2018, from https://www.flickr.com/photos/archivesnz/9779039374/in/photolist-4kjVNC-5Zu3s7-GRrU8q-dKxFCD-fU98H9-Zgxkce-5Zq6jr-dPVBsR-mmTEeM-RhHPJs-9sfgXQ-dSSLUP-9ethnv-QFoqEn-9m5tyC-4FTNfS-i7g72H-9iwpGV-r4P8tF-hmCErA-9jt8DM-a14tFb-7CPsiZ-z43ZVQ-dLHAiX-2gYed-9ethwB-i7i73S-dSiieT-b7LU8H-i7i6HG-XbYYcR-9jtbGa-4BnzXV-exNe9k-7Yckkq-8NHjEb-9m2nQe-9m5eTd-8fTTyr-9csffE-jD3f6D-9m5uHy-7JVRyH-8fVwHb-pXmDmX-GCiVFw-7MPoCm-YmoH1r-qMZMA2
- David Fung. (2005, September 19). Murder in Haining Street | Scoop News. Retrieved 23 September 2018, from http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/PO0509/S00227.htm
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